Jaipur the first planned city of India is the capital of Rajasthan state. Established in 1727 by Jai Singh II, the king of Amber when he shifted his capital from Amber to the new city because of the rapidly-growing population and an increasing water scarcity. Noted architect Vidyadhar Bhattacharya used the established principles of Vastu Shastra to build the city. In 1876, the Prince of Wales visited Jaipur and the entire Jaipur city was painted in pink the symbolic colors of hospitality to welcome him. Jaipur rises up majestically against the backdrop of the forts Nahargarh, Jaigarh and Garh Ganesh Temple. Amber Fort, Jaigarh Fort, City Palace, Observatory, Hawa Mahal, Sisodia Rani Garden, & Birla temple are popular tourist attractions. The famous bazaars of Pink City with its rich history and heritage exude an amazing mix of royalty and art.